Break Bulk Cargo
In shipping, break bulk cargo or general cargo is a term that covers a great variety neither of goods that must be loaded individually, and not in intermodal containers nor in bulk as with oil or grain. Ships that carry this sort of cargo are often called general cargo ships. The term break bulk derives from the phrase breaking bulk — the extraction of a portion of the cargo of a ship or the beginning of the unloading process from the ship's holds. These goods may be in shipping containers (bags, boxes, crates, drums, and barelles).Unit loads of items secured to a pallet or skids are also used.
A break-in-bulk point is a place where goods are transferred from one mode of transport to another, for example the docks where goods transfer from ship to truck.